According To Science-
If you’re one of the 20% of healthy adults struggling with basic arithmetic, simple tasks like splitting the dinner count are often unbearable. Now, a replacement study suggests that a mild, painless electric shock to human brain can boost math performance for up to six months. However, researchers don’t fully understand how it works, and there may be side effects.
Using electric flow to change cerebrum movement is the same old thing: electro-stun treatment, which initiates seizures by restorative impact, is maybe the least difficult known and most emotional model. However, in recent years, a number of studies have shown that much milder electrical stimulation applied to specific regions of the brain can dramatically accelerate learning during a wide selection of tasks, from aiming to speech rehabilitation after the accident.
In 2010, cognitive scientist Roi Cohen Kadosh from Oxford University in the UK showed that when combined with training, electrical stimulation of the brain can improve people on very basic number tasks, such as judging which of the two quantities is greater. However, it was unclear how those basic number skills would translate into real-world math skills.
To answer that question, Cohen Kadosh recruited 25 volunteers to practice math while receiving actual or “simulated” brain stimulation. Two wipe secured terminals, appended to either side of the temple with a flexible games band, directed an area of the prefrontal cortex thought about the key to math preparing, says Jacqueline Thompson, a Ph.D. student in Cohen Kadosh’s laboratory and co-author of the study. The electric current slowly increased to about 1 milliamp, a small fraction of the voltage of an AA battery, and then fluctuated randomly between high and low values. For the sham group, the researchers simulated the initial sensation of the surge by releasing a small amount of current, then turned it off.
For around 20 minutes out of every day for 5 days, members remembered discretionary scientific “realities, for example, 4 # 10 = 23, at that point played out an increasingly modern undertaking that necessary various number juggling steps, likewise bolstered retained images. A scribble, for example, could mean “add 2” or “subtract 1”. This is often the first time that an electric shock is applied to the human brain to improve such complex mathematical skills, says neuroscientist Peter Reiner of the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, who was not involved in the research.
The researchers also used a brain imaging technique called near-infrared spectroscopy to see how efficiently the participants’ brains worked while performing the tasks.
Although the 2 groups performed at an equivalent level on a primary day, over the next 4 days, people who received brain stimulation along with lateral training learned to perform tasks two to five times faster than people who received a sham treatment, the authors report online today in Current Biology. A half-year later, the scientists got back to the members and found that individuals who had gotten mind incitement were still roughly 30% quicker in an identical kind of numerical test. The objective cerebrum locale additionally indicated progressively effective action, says Thompson.
The very truth that solitary members who got electrical incitement and rehearsed math indicated enduring physiological changes in their minds proposes that it is important to hinder the outcomes of incitement, says Michael Weisend, a neuroscientist at the Mind Research Network in Albuquerque, New Mexico, who did not participate in the study. That’s valuable information for people hoping to reap the benefits of stimulation alone, he says. “It is not becoming a remedy.”
Although it is unclear how the technique works, Thompson says, one hypothesis is that the present helps synchronize neuron activation, allowing the brain to figure more efficiently. Scientists (science professionals) also do not know whether negative or unwanted effects could occur. Although no side effects of brain stimulation have yet been reported, “it is impossible to say for sure” that there are none, Thompson says.
“Mathematics is just one of the dozens of skills that this could be used for,” says Reiner, adding that “it is not unreasonable” to imagine that this and other similar stimulation strategies could swap the utilization of pills for psychological improvement.
In the future, the researchers hope to incorporate groups that always struggle with math, such as people with neurodegenerative disorders and a condition called developmental dyscalculia. As further tests show that the technique is safe and effective, children in schools may also receive brain stimulation along with its lessons, Johnson says. But there is “a great distance to travel,” before the tactic is ready for schools, he says. In the meantime, he adds, “We strongly recommend that you do not do this reception, regardless of how tempted you are to place a battery pack on your child’s head.”